As policymakers and regional leaders work to grow jobs and connect residents to economic opportunity following the Great Recession, where jobs locate matters. The location of employment within a metro area intersects with a range of policy issues—from transportation to workforce development to regional innovation—that affect a region’s long-term health, prosperity, and social inclusion.
An analysis of the location of private-sector employment within 35 miles of a downtown in the nation’s 100 largest metropolitan areas from 2007 to 2010, and across the 2000s, finds:
Steep employment losses following the Great Recession stalled the steady decentralization of jobs that characterized the early to mid-2000s. After dropping 2 percentage points from 2000 to 2007, the share of metropolitan jobs within 3 miles of downtown stabilized from 2007 to 2010. However, by 2010 nearly twice the share of jobs was located at least 10 miles away from downtown (43 percent) as within 3 miles of downtown (23 percent).
Job losses in industries hit hardest by the downturn, including construction and manufacturing, helped check employment decentralization in the late 2000s. Together, construction, manufacturing, and retail—each among the most decentralized of major industries—accounted for almost 60 percent of all job losses between 2007 and 2010, with half of those losses occurring at least 10 miles from downtown.
In all but nine of the 100 largest metro areas, the share of jobs located within three miles of downtown declined during the 2000s. Only Washington, D.C. experienced an increase in both the number and share of jobs located in the urban core during the 2000s. At the same time, the share of jobs at least 10 miles from downtown rose in 85 regions between 2000 and 2010.
A metro area’s total employment, and policy and planning decisions around land use, economic development, and zoning, help shape the location of its jobs. Employment is more decentralized in metro areas with at least 500,000 jobs. But even large metro areas with high degrees of job decentralization like Chicago and Detroit concentrate many of their jobs in dense locations outside the urban core.
In the wake of the Great Recession, policymakers and regional leaders have the opportunity to make strategic decisions about how they will pursue metropolitan growth. If the next period of economic expansion reinforces low-density, diffuse growth in metropolitan America, it will be that much harder for metro areas to achieve sustainable and inclusive growth over the long term.
There's a big box store I drive past every Sunday night and every time I glance over I can't help thinking that their parking lot is the most pathetic sight imaginable. Well, at least one of the more pathetic sights imaginable if you're an urban planner. Anyways, I was thinking how cool it would be if the big boxes around here multi-purposed their parking lots. I love movies and I think it would be pretty neat to get a 'guerilla' film festival circuit going where you'd have six or seven big box stores and/or some of the larger strip centers on board and there'd be a floating rotation. Maybe some of the local cinephiles would bring their favorite flicks and the tech community could contribute the projection equipment. I have no clue if there's anyone out there who'd be interested in something like this but I'd be down to talk if there is :-)
Came across this website earlier and I think I'll have to remember it if I visit NYC again. Their blog had an entry that caught my attention. You'll have to page down a little to find it but its the one about their 'immigrant kitchen tours'. I hadn't thought of that as being 'historic' per se but it was interesting how cultures adapt in the kitchen just like they do in everything else.